Therapeutic Modalities


A modality is a type of electrical, thermal or mechanical energy that causes physiological changes to the involved tissue. They can be used to relieve pain, improve circulation, decrease swelling, reduce muscle spasm, and deliver medication in conjunction with other procedures. Typical types of modalities include: Ultrasound, Phonophoresis, Electrical Stimulation, Iontophoresis, Traction, Transcutaneous Nerve Stimulation, Heat, Ice, Paraffin, and Fluidotherapy